Friday, January 30, 2015

Social Studies 9 - Montesquieu’s Governmental Ultimatum: True or False? (Homework Jan. 29)

Montesquieu’s Governmental Ultimatum: True or False?

Montesquieu, who was born in Paris in 1689 during a time previous to the glory of the Scientific Revolution, was quite fond of John Locke’s way of thinking in which people are naturally good and that we do keep our promises, but Montesquieu thought that the best form of government was democracy. In fact, Montesquieu harbored many of the ideas that would later be incorporated into the American constitution and Bill of Rights. Even so, he did have his doubts on if every society would improve by having a democracy, and I tend to agree with him. Even though I concur that democracy is the best and most fair government system in the sense that everything is balanced and no one has too much power, but I think that communist countries where dictators are present such as North Korea and my own Venezuelan socialist-dictatorship the idea of democracy may not compute with the citizens and officials. I think that countries that have a culture that is communist or socialist based success through democracy may not come as easy due to the fact that they previously relied on it. Furthermore, I also think that a society can adapt to democracy though, and unlike Montesquieu I do not think that climate or geography have anything to do with it. So, in conclusion I do agree with Montesquieu that democracy, elections and checks and balances are the best systems for a progressive government but I agree conclude also that democracy would be better suited in some countries than in other, for example it would be better suited in a western country with a history of democratic influence and not so well-suited in a country such as North Korea that has relied on a family-based dictatorship for many, many years.
Montesquieu depicted in a painting.
A compilation of photos showing Democracy versus Dictatorship